Fashionable dual core yarns. Perfectly spliced and wound.

Novel dual core yarns comprising three components are currently in vogue. They combine the

pleasant wear properties of elastic core yarns with high dimensional stability. The production of

these yarns is a challenging process even at the spinning stage, but they make particularly high

demands on the splicing process. Dual core yarns can be processed superbly on the Autoconer.


In contrast to the core yarns established hitherto on the market, dual core yarns consist of three

components: a mostly elastic polyurethane filament such as Lycra®, creora® or INVIYA® I-300, a

multifilament such as Lycra® T400® and the sheath material of staple fibres, mainly cotton. They are

required for denim applications and spun in suitable counts. The complex yarn structure presents a particular

challenge to the splicing process when winding. The staple fibre sheath on the dual core yarn is

proportionately much thinner than for single core yarns, for example 70:30 instead of 95:5. A good spliced

joint is only obtained if the elastic core does not spring back when cut and the filaments are once again

uniformly sheathed by the staple fibres following splicing.

Here the Autoconer can play optimally to its strengths in splicing. The dual core spliced joints on the

Autoconer X5 produce a joint that is identical to the yarn. They have the same elasticity as the yarn, as both

filaments can be joined reliably to one another. They are visually inconspicuous, as the sheath fibres

securely cover the filament core. Uniform dyeing of the yarn with the resulting top quality of the final article is

assured, as are maximum efficiency and processing reliability in warping and weaving.


Preconfigured piecing cycles and coordinated splicing components

The splicer in the Autoconer has single-motor control, so the timing in the splicing process can be optimally

adapted. Following the cut, the dual core yarn is fixed quickly and securely. The opening and splicing times

are coordinated to one another so that no yarn element is lost. The piecing cycle is optimised for the splicing

of core and dual core yarns and can be selected simply at the Informator at the touch of a button.

For denim dual core applications, the Schlafhorst technologists recommend the injection splicer with elastic

module and setting and the LC5 / 2.5 EB2 prism as a set. The opening tube is chosen to suit the yarn

structure. Fine-tuning is possible at the Informator by setting the optimal opening and splicing parameters.


Structural representation of dual core yarns (top) and a properly spliced joint (bottom)

Autoconer winding and splicing process ensures quality and reliability

When winding dual core yarns on the Autoconer X5, Schlafhorst customers achieve perfect results, as the

following example from the production of a leading denim manufacturer demonstrates. The company winds

CO/PES/elastane, a typical dual core denim yarn, in a count of Ne 16.

The Autoconer is configured as follows:

  • Direct link to Zinser 351 ring spinning machine with core yarn device
  • PreciFX
  • Injection splicer
  • Prism: LC5 / 2.5 EB2
  • Ceramic shears
  • Elastic splicer setting:


In this linked system the Autoconer X5 produces visually perfect spliced joints with an excellent, wholly

uniform appearance. At 95-98% the average splice strength attains nearly the same strength as the yarn.

The colour impression of the dyed woven fabric is flawless.


Excellent spliced joints with the Autoconer X5 splicer

Perfect link with the ring spinning machine

In a directly linked system with the ring spinning machine, the demands made on winding go a stage further.

The Autoconer overcomes this obstacle with ease and processes the lively yarn fresh from spinning gently

and reliably. The bobbins are delivered to the winding units with the yarn end securely fixed on the tube tip.

Reliable yarn end pick-up and transfer, sensor monitoring of the process sequences – these all contribute to

a highly reliable winding process. Thanks to the very low level of stoppages and red light occurrences, the

presence of operating staff is virtually superfluous; production without operators becomes a reality.


P-Fig3_Dyed fabric

Perfectly dyed thanks to the Autoconer X5

Maximum efficiency in the weaving mill: yarn break rates down to almost zero

The dual core yarn packages of the Autoconer perform outstandingly in unwinding in the weaving mill. Yarn

breaks in weaving were analysed over a fourteen-day period in a study. It emerged that not a single yarn

break occurred in the spliced joint. The yarn break rate was thus virtually zero when it came to splicing.


Non-stop weaving with Autoconer packages

The actual yarn break rate of the tested dual core yarns in the observation period was between 0.3 and 0.5

yarn breaks per 100,000 picks. Such low values are typical of PreciFX packages, which run especially

smoothly as they are optimally adapted in structure, shape and build to the requirements of downstream

processing. At the present package running lengths (100,000 m) and pick insertion rates (700 m/min), this

meant that the weaving machines ran for approx. 20 hours non-stop before a yarn break occurred.


The Autoconer X5 is the ideal winding machine for processing demanding dual core yarns. With perfect

spliced joints and optimally constructed packages, it ensures minimal yarn break rates in downstream

processing and garments of flawless quality.